10 Facts About Darfur
1. Darfur is the western region of Sudan, Africa. Darfur is not a country in itself.
2. The region was home to about 6 million people and is about the size of France.
3. The region is divided into five federal states: Central Darfur, East Darfur, North Darfur, South Darfur and West Darfur
4. Darfur is home to racially mixed tribes of settled peasants, who identify as African, and nomadic herders, who identify as Arab. The majority of people in both groups are Muslim.
5. In February 2003, the non-Arab ethnic groups of Darfur launched an uprising against the Kartoum government. The government responded by implementing their campaign of genocide, enlisting the help of Arab militia in Darfur called the Janjaweed.
6. The Janjaweed are the armed militia supported by the Sudanese Government to carry out the genocide, alongside and independent of, the Sudanese Army.
7. Up to 400,000 people have died as a result of direct attacks and conflict induced malnutrition and disease. The vast majority of these have been women, children and civilian men.
8. More than 3 million people have been displaced and are living in IDP (Internally Displaced Persons) camps.
9. Darfur has been labelled widely and consistently as the site of the world's worst humanitarian disaster since it was described as such by United Nations (UN) officials in 2004.
10. 2013 is the ten-year anniversary of the conflict in Darfur and sadly, it would seem that history is repeating itself. The atrocities that have been taking place in Darfur are now also being seen in Nuba Mountains, Kordofan and the Blue Nile.